Does a seller of U.S. grain need to provide varietal information?
No, unless varietal specifications are a requirement of the commercial sales contract. U.S. origin wheat, if it is graded according to Canadian statutory grades, will only be eligible for the lowest official statutory Canadian Grain Commission (CGC) grade in the particular class (e.g., Feed Wheat or #5 Amber Durum).
Prior to delivery, a seller of Canadian or U.S. grain will enter into a contracting process with the grain handling facility. On delivery in Canada, the seller will be asked to declare if the variety is on the CGC ‘Variety Designation Lists’ and if the grain is of Canadian origin.
This is referred to as a “Declaration of Eligibility.” This form is completed annually at every licensed grain handler where a producer makes a delivery in Canada. These declarations are legal contracts between producers and licensed grain handlers – there is no CGC or Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) enforcement.
If a producer is not able to make this declaration, the grain is eligible only for the lowest official statutory CGC grade in the particular class (e.g., Feed Wheat or #5 Amber Durum).
However, the Canadian grain-grading system does allow U.S. wheat imports into Canada, provided that phytosanitary and other requirements are met. In addition, Canadian grain companies and processors are free to bid for, accept delivery of and settle grain of U.S. origin based on U.S. grades and establish premiums and/or discounts for grading specifications including moisture, protein content, falling number, dockage, admixture, foreign material, damage, vomitoxin, vitreous kernels etc. in the same way grain companies and processors do in the U.S. It is important that sellers of U.S. grain into Canada discuss the various quality parameters and grading factors with the buyers in Canada prior to delivery.