What are the licensing and registration requirements for Canadian trucks transporting grain within the U.S.?
All trucks must be registered under the International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) and have the appropriate IFTA sticker(s) affixed to their vehicle.
The International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) is an agreement between 10 provinces in Canada and 48 states in the United States of America. It makes it easier for inter-jurisdictional carriers to register, license, report and pay taxes for motor fuels (such as diesel and gasoline). Carriers pay fuel taxes to their base jurisdiction, to which they register under IRP. Those taxes are then distributed to the jurisdictions in which the vehicles traveled
Canadian trucks hauling commercial grain into the U.S. must be registered with the U.S. DOT. U.S. DOT does not accept Canadian DOT registration. Commercial trucks must also be registered with the International Registration Plan (IRP). This IRP is a registration reciprocity agreement among states of the United States, the District of Columbia and provinces of Canada providing for payment of apportionable fees on the basis of total distance operated in all jurisdictions. Vehicles not registered under IRP require trip permits to travel into jurisdictions other than where they are registered. IRP’s fundamental principle is to promote and encourage the fullest possible use of the highway system. Canadian commercial trucks must be registered and licensed in each jurisdiction they will travel through and for the weight they will be hauling. Canadian commercial trucks must be registered and licensed in each jurisdiction they will travel through and for the weight they will be hauling.
Canadian commercial trucks are subject to Drug and Alcohol Testing through the U.S. Department of Transportation. Commercial motor carrier companies engage a certified company to conduct pre-employment drug and alcohol testing for all employed drivers. Drivers must pass the test before being permitted cross-border access. After this initial test, the drivers are subject to random testing and must pass the test to maintain their approved status.